Composting food waste is a great way to reduce the burden on landfills. The organic material in landfills produces methane as it decomposes, which contributes to greenhouse gases. Composting, however, leverages the natural process of microorganisms breaking down the food into nutrient-rich soil perfect for landscaping and gardening needs. By opting for compost instead of chemical fertilizers, you are cutting your use of fossil fuels while still providing necessary nutrients to your plants. In addition to eliminating environmental pollutants from landfills, composting also helps conserve our planet’s resources for future generations.
What To Compost
It depends on what kind of composter you have and what you can put in it, but there are some general rules. All compostable materials contain either carbon or nitrogen, to varying degrees. Maintaining a balance between these two elements is the key to a healthy compost pile.
How to Compost
- Make your compost pile on bare earth to allow worms and other beneficial organisms to aerate it and transport it to your garden beds.
- To aid drainage and aerate the pile, lay twigs, or straw first, a few inches deep.
- It is best to alternate moist and dry compost materials. Moist ingredients include food scraps, tea bags, seaweed, and straw. Dry ingredients include leaves, straw, and sawdust pellets.
- Wood ashes can clump together and take a long time to break down if sprinkled in thin layers.
- If you add manure, green manure or any nitrogen source, the compost pile will be activated, and the process will be sped up.
- Keep compost moist by watering occasionally or letting it rain.
- Cover with anything you have – wood, plastic sheeting, carpet scraps. By covering the compost, moisture and heat are retained, and rain will not overwater it.
- Every few weeks, aerate your compost pile with a pitchfork or shovel to bring oxygen into the mix. If you have coarse materials like straw, this step can be skipped. To speed along the composting process, mix newly added materials into the stack instead of adding them in layers. Buying a rotating composter is also an option if you want an easier way to mix your compost regularly.
Among the most used methods of composting for a business or home is Methods of Composting.
You can purchase tumbler composting units from a local hardware store or make them at home. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes. This is a great system if you are relatively strong and willing to turn it daily or every few days.
Worm Farm Composting (Vermicomposting)
They can grow worms, producing compost and compost tea, and keeping rats out of your compost, Worm Farm Composting is the most preferred method of composting. The worm farm produces concentrated worm castings with nutrients lower in nitrogen compared to other composting methods. Worm farms can be utilized even if you do not have a garden.
EMO Composting (Bacteria composting)
The EMO Composting system or Effective Microorganisms is generally used for indoor composting, but it can be used by anyone who enjoys this method or lives in an apartment. Among the most common products that use EMOs are Bokashi, but other indoor systems can also use it. Additionally, some systems also use a carbon filter to filter odors from the lid.
Compot Composting is a combination method of open-air composting, direct composting, vermicomposting, and EMO composting. It utilizes all the elements of composting. The composter is faster and requires less work than most others.
Different materials are used in commercial composting than in backyard composting. Compost is generally made in rows, using materials such as sawdust, pine bark, sand, ferrous sulphate, and ammonia sulphate. It is usually turned every 3 to 4 days and is generally ready to bag in 6 weeks.
In mechanical composting, electricity is used to create the heat and rotation of contents needed to produce semi-composted waste within 24 hours.
Benefits of Composting:
- Composting waste food and other organics reduces methane emissions, which are produced when organic waste is disposed of in landfills.
- In some cases, compost reduces or eliminates the need for chemical fertilizers.
- Compost increases the yield of agricultural crops.
- Compost can help reforest, restore wetlands, and revitalize habitats by improving contaminated, compacted, and marginal soils.
- It is cost-effective to use compost to remediate soils contaminated with hazardous waste.
- Compost can reduce the cost of remediating soil, water, and air pollution.
- The Retention of water in soil is enhanced by compost.
- Compost provides carbon sequestration.
Necessity of Composting
- By composting, we reduce waste, reduce our reliance on landfills, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
- Compost promotes healthy plant growth and strengthens soil.
- Pesticides and synthetic fertilizers are reduced by composting.
- As a result of composting, essential nutrients are recycled back into the soil.
- Compost promotes a prolific soil ecosystem.
Organic Waste Composting accessories
- Automatic Feeding Trolley
- Storage Racks
- Waste Handling Trolley
- Hand Shovels
- Conveyor For Automatic Feeding
- Safety Gloves & Mask
- HDPE Organic Beds for Storage